Within the regions are instrumentations of "Global Change Stations" (catchment areas) as part of the TERENO observatories and the enhancement of existing research stations (e.g. Höglwald, Scheyern) designated. Furthermore mobile measurement platforms for monitoring dynamic processes at the local scale up to the determination of spatial pattern at the regional scale will be applied:


  • Measuring systems for the determination of regional precipitation fields at temporal and spatial scales (e.g. using additional weather radars or densification of precipitation gauging networks)
  • Micrometeorological eddy-covariance systems and scintillometer for the determination of atmospheric parameter and fluxes of water vapour, energy and trace gases at different scales
  • Sensor networks for determination of environmental parameter at a high spatial and temporal resolution (e.g. patterns of soil temperature and moisture dynamics)
    Monitoring systems for the quantification of water and solute discharge in surface waters and groundwater
  • The remote sensing part of TERENO include:
    • Operation and development of ground-based and airborne measurement platforms (e.g. towers, ultra-light aircrafts)
    • Acquisition of geophysical and spectral sensors (e.g. hyperspectral systems and infrared cameras, microwave radiometer, SAR, LIDAR, air-chemistry instruments)


Further infrastructure measures include high capacitive data processing and communication systems to guarantee a fast availability and long-term protection of the gather environmental data sets. Existing measuring platforms and sensors within the Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft will be as far as possible used, adapted with regard to a flexible application for longer periods and demand-oriented extended and further developed, respectively. This instrument pool represents the core of the planned terrestrial observatories, which will be extended according to the specific requirements of the research centres.